Mount. Rwenzori National Park

Mount. Rwenzori National Park

Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and in 2028, the park was declared a Ramsar site. Unlike many African Mountains, Mount Rwenzori is not a volcanic mountain but rather a block mountain formed by faulting.

Rwenzori Mountains National Park was gazette in 1991. The park was named after Uganda’s highest mountain – Mount Rwenzori. The Rwenzori Mountain’s highest peak – Margherita is snow-capped throughout the year. With its snow-capped peaks, dramatic glaciers, and lush valleys, this UNESCO World Heritage Site offers a truly unique and awe-inspiring experience for adventurous travelers.

The Geology and landscape of Rwenzori Mountain National Park

Mountain Rwenzori Trekking Experience

Rwenzori Mountain National Park is one of the few mountain national parks in Uganda. The park can be compared to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park, Mount Kenya National Park, and Mount Elgon National Park. The Rwenzori Mountains, also known as the “Mountains of the Moon,” are a range of rugged peaks stretching for about 120 kilometers. The mountains were formed by a combination of tectonic activity and glacial erosion over millions of years. Mount Stanley, with its two main summits, Margherita and Alexandra, is the tallest peak in the range, soaring to an impressive height of 5,109 meters above sea level.

Taking on a Mount Rwenzori hiking safari in this park is a rewarding experience. It is an opportunity for travelers to explore the glaciers, flowing rivers, and mountain vegetation while enjoying scenic views of the surrounding areas. The landscape of Rwenzori Mountain National Park is a captivating blend of towering peaks, deep valleys, alpine meadows, and glacial lakes. The mountains are renowned for their unique equatorial snow, which is on the highest peaks and forms dramatic glaciers, making it one of the few places in Africa where you can find such icy wonders. Book yourself a Mount Rwenzori hiking safari and enjoy an extraordinary tour in the Pearl of Africa!

What to see and do in Mount Rwenzori National Park? Attractions and Activities in Rwenzori Mountain National Park

Like any other national park in Uganda, Rwenzori Mountain National Park is home to many wildlife and bird species. Take a trip or tour of Mount. Rwenzori allows you to participate in one or two of the following activities.

Mount Rwenzori Hiking

Hiking Mount. Rwenzori National Park

Hiking Mount Rwenzori National Park on your Rwenzori hiking tour is a rewarding experience for every traveler. The park offers both simple and challenging hiking trails for tourists. Mount Rwenzori is made up of several peaks namely; Mount Stanley (Margherita Peak), Mount Speke, Mount Baker, Mount Gessi, Mount Luigi Di Savoia, and Mount Emin.

Trekking Mount Rwenzori National Park takes about 8 to 9 days for those interested in hiking to the top of the mountain. But the activity can be combined with other national parks.

A mountain Rwenzori hiking adventure can be combined with a tour of national parks like Queen Elizabeth National Park, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, and Kibale Forest National Park. Hiking in Rwenzori Mountain is done on different trails such as the central trail and the Kilembe trail. Trekking in Mount Rwenzori National Park is managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) and the Rwenzori Trekking Services.

Wildlife in Mount Rwenzori National Park

Mountain Rwenzori National Park is home to over 70 mammal species some of which are rare while others are rift valley endemics. You will get an opportunity to spot animals like elephants, warthogs, Rwenzori otters, leopards, and many more. During a hiking safari in Mount Rwenzori National Park, tourists stand a high chance of seeing white colobus monkeys and many primate species.

Vegetation in Mount Rwenzori National Park

Montane Forests: The lower slopes of the Rwenzori Mountains are covered in montane forests, characterized by dense vegetation and a wide variety of tree species. These forests are typically found at altitudes between 1,800 and 3,000 meters. The forest floor is often adorned with ferns, mosses, and an array of colorful orchids.

Bamboo Zone: As you ascend the mountains, the montane forests gradually give way to bamboo forests, typically found between 2,500 and 3,500 meters above sea level. The dominant bamboo species in the park is the Arundinaria alpina. The dense bamboo thickets create a unique and enchanting atmosphere.

Heather-Rapanea Zone: At higher elevations, between 3,500 and 4,500 meters, the heather-rapanea zone dominates the landscape. This zone is characterized by shrubs and small trees. Mosses and lichens also thrive in this zone, adding to its mystic beauty.

Afro-Alpine Zone: Above 4,500 meters, the landscape transitions into the Afro-Alpine zone, which resembles an otherworldly environment. This zone is famous for its unique plant species, including giant lobelias and groundsels. These plants have adapted to survive the harsh conditions of high altitudes, including freezing temperatures and strong winds.

Wetlands and Bogs: Rwenzori Mountain National Park is also home to numerous wetlands and bogs, which play a crucial role in regulating water flow and supporting the park’s biodiversity. These wetlands provide habitats for various plant species, such as tussock grasses, sedges, and mosses.

How much is the Mount Rwenzori National Park hiking fee?

One must have a valid hiking permit before they embark on a hiking tour in Mount Rwenzori. A Rwenzori hiking permit goes for USD 50 for foreign non-residents, USD 40 for foreign residents, and Ugx 50,000 for members of the East African Community. This fee does not include other travel expenses like transportation and accommodation.

Where to stay in Mount Rwenzori National Park? Accommodation in Mount Rwenzori National Park

Accommodation in Mount Rwenzori National Park is basic wooden huts. At different elevations, there is a hut that has good facilities like a spacious camping area, toilets, and spaces for a campfire. For an extended stay, you may stay at a lodge or hotel in Kasese town.

What is the best time to visit Rwenzori Mountain National Park?

Mount Rwenzori National Park is an open destination throughout the year. Trekking can be done any time of the year including weekends and public holidays. For those seeking a smooth hiking adventure, the dry seasons (June to September and December to February) are the best months to visit Mount Elgon National Park.

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